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A chipotle, chilpotle or chilpoctli meaning "smoked chili" is a smoke-dried jalapeno. A chipotle chile is a fully ripened, dried and smoked Mexican jalapeno.
It is a chili used primarily in Mexican and Mexican-inspired cuisines, such as Mexican-American and Tex-Mex.
Most chipotle chilis are produced in the northern Mexican state of Chihuahua. This variety of chipotle is known as a morita (Spanish for small mulberry).
In central and southern Mexico, chipotle chilis are known as chile meco, chile ahumado, or típico. Whereas moritas from Chihuahua are purple in color, chile meco is tan/grey in color and has the general appearance of a cigar butt.
Most chipotle chilis found in the United States are of the morita variety.
Almost all of the chipotle meco is consumed in Mexico.
Chipotles, often are a key ingredient giving a relatively mild but earthy spiciness to many dishes in Mexican cuisine. Chipotles have heat and a distinctive smoky flavor. The flesh is thick, so the chiles are usually used in a slow-cooked dish rather than raw.
The chilis are used to make various salsas. Chipotle can be ground and combined with other spices to make a meat marinade.
Chipotle Pepper Facts . .. Chipotle peppers are smoked dried jalapeno peppers. The Jalapeno peppers turn red if left to ripen long enough and Chipotle peppers are dried red jalapenos.