Wednesday, July 10, 2013

In cooking, a syrup is ..

In cooking, a syrup or sirup is a thick, viscous liquid consisting primarily of a solution of sugar in water, containing a large amount of dissolved sugars but showing little tendency to deposit crystals.
Syrups can be made by dissolving sugar in water or by reducing naturally sweet juices such as cane juice, sorghum juice, or maple sap.
Meaning of ...
A Sweet sorghum is any of the many varieties of the sorghum plant which has a high sugar content. Sweet sorghum is a type of grass that thrives better under drier and warmer condition.
Simple syrup is made by stirring granulated sugar into hot water in a saucepan until the sugar is dissolved and then cooling the solution. Generally, the ratio of sugar to water can range anywhere from 1:1 to 2:1. Simple syrup can be used as a sweetener. However, since it gels readily when pectin is added, its primary culinary use is as a base for fruit sauces, toppings and preserves.
A Flavoured syrups are made by adding flavouring matter to a simple syrup.
Gomme syrup is an ingredient commonly used in mixed drinks.
It is also commonly used as a sweetener for iced coffee in Japan.
Maple syrup is a syrup usually made from the xylem sap of sugar maple, red maple, or black maple trees, although it can also be made from other maple species. Maple trees can be tapped by boring holes into their trunks and collecting the exuded sap.
The sap is processed by heating to evaporate much of the water, leaving the concentrated syrup.
The Palm honey, also palm syrup is an edible sweet syrup produced from the sap of a number of palms. It is produced in the Canary Islands and coastal regions of South America.
Squash (also called cordial, juice or diluting juice) is a non-alcoholic concentrated syrup that is usually fruit-flavoured and usually made from fruit juice, water, and sugar or a sugar substitute.
Fruit syrup as a food ingredient is a concentrated juice made from a less expensive fruit (such as apples, pears, or pineapples) and used to sweeten more expensive fruits or products and to extend their quantity.
Barley malt syrup is an unrefined sweetener produced from sprouted, or malted barley.
Birch syrup is a sweetener made from the sap of birch trees, and used in much the same way as maple syrup. It is used for pancake or waffle syrup, to make candies, as an ingredient in sauces, glazes, and dressings, and as a flavoring in ice cream, beer, wine, and soft drinks.
Corn syrup is a food syrup, which is made from the starch of maize and the corn syrup is used in foods to soften texture, add volume, prevent crystallization of sugar, and enhance flavor.
Chocolate syrup is a chocolate flavored condiment. It is often used as a topping for various desserts, such as ice cream, or mixed with milk to make chocolate milk. Chocolate syrup is also used to top puddings.

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