Tuesday, April 30, 2013

Rice is a popular cereal crop

Rice is a popular cereal crop commonly used as human food. It is actually a type of grass and belongs to a family of plants that includes other cereals such as wheat and corn.
Rice is rich in nutrients and contains a number of vitamins and minerals. It is an excellent source of complex carbohydrates actually the best source of energy.
Do u know a lot of nutrients are lost during milling and polishing, which turns the brown rice into white rice by removing the outer rice huskand bran to reveal the white grain.
Rice is the most important food crop of the developing world and the staple food of more than half of the world's population.
About 90% of the rice in the world is grown in Asia.
Brown rice has its bran layer intact, whereas white rice has had its bran layer removed by a polishing process. Brown rice is considered healthier than white rice as many nutrients are contained in the bran layer, however brown rice has a different taste and texture, takes longer to cook, and does not store as well as white rice.
Basmati rice is a type of aromatic rice, grown mostly in India and Pakistan. It is renowned for its long, slender shape that elongates rather than expands in width when it is cooked. The word basmati means "queen of fragrance," and the rice is distinguished by its aroma.
Rice is an ancient cereal grain that sustains two-thirds of the world’s population.
There are more than 40,000 different varieties of rice.
A RICE TIP ... Brown rice contains natural oils in the bran, so it has a shorter shelf life than white rice. It’s best to refrigerate or freeze brown rice to extend its shelf life.
After rice has been fully cooked, each grain of rice swells to three times in original weight.
In India, rice is associated with prosperity and with the Hindu Goddess of Wealth, Lakshmi. Rice is worshiped as Lakshmi during the full moon day following the Durga puja, a Hindu ceremony.
In Japan, it is said that the first cultivator of rice was the Sun Goddess Amatereshu-Omi-Kami. She grew rice in the fields of heaven, giving the first harvest to Prince Ninigi.
In Thailand, the Rice Mother Mae Posop is worshiped as rice itself. It is believed that, like a mother who feeds her children, Mae Posop gives her body and soul to sustain human life. At harvest, Mae Posop is said to be shy and easily frightened by men. Before harvest, no men, loud noises, or talk of death and demons are permitted.
Rice is a symbol of life and fertility, which is why rice was traditionally throw at weddings.

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